The Philippines have very good established disaster preparedness plans and in fact, it is considered as one of the well-prepared countries when it comes to natural disasters. One of the main goals of disaster preparedness is to increase the level of awareness of the communities to the threats and impacts of all hazards and risks. Nearly 59% of India’s land area is prone to earthquakes of moderate to high hazard, nearly 12% is flood prone, about 8% is cyclone prone, 2% is landslide prone and a long coastline is exposed to tsunamis and storm surges.   Introduction Of the four phases of emergency management, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery, perhaps the place that individuals can make the biggest difference in their own state of resiliency and survival of a disaster is in the preparedness phase. Earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, floods etc are some of the natural disasters resulting into huge loss of lives and properties. Some families may live in a geologically unstable location or near a water body that might be hit by natural hazards any time, but how do they know? These steps may not prevent disasters, but they can definitely help minimize the risk and reduce the damage caused:  Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster. After a disaster, how well a community can recover will depend largely on how well they prepared in advance. Read Essay On Natural Disaster Preparedness Plan and other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you. Unless somebody is going to disseminate information regarding the threats and risks, Filipinos will continue to know nothing about how can these affect their lives. This Act provides a detailed action plan as in what to implement and execute right from the central government to the district to local government. This serves as the second step towards the effective disaster preparedness because information dissemination is not enough. Disaster preparedness is a process of ensuring that an organization has complied with the preventive measures and is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a predicted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property. For example, in eastern Visayas, the principles of disaster preparedness are now fully included in the curriculum of secondary and tertiary levels and in addition, other approaches like the preparation of modules in disaster preparedness used in Alternative Learning System (ALS) and the expansion of the focus of the Citizen Army training (CAT) for high school seniors on civic work, community service and law enforcement training are also undertaken. The Disaster Management Act passed in 2005 provides for a detailed action plan right from the central government to the district and local levels to draw implement and execute disaster management plans. Preparedness involves drafting of plans, developing communication systems, public education and exercises. This is due to some Filipino’s lack of knowledge about the geographical situation of the country and that probably, only a few knows the reasons why the Philippines gets hit by natural disasters very often. Each year, natural disasters affect different parts of the world in various forms. The Department of Interior and Local Government through the help of other government agencies leads actions such as: accreditation of Non-Government Organizations, development of local DRRM plan, administration of risk assessments, contingency planning, knowledge management and training activities, inventory of resources, stockpiling and prepositioning of resources and establishment of DRRM Operations Center to ensure self-reliant and operational DRRM councils and fully-functioning, adequately staffed and financially capable local DRRM offices. (Coppola & Maloney 2009). (Sarkar & Sarma, 2014) Preparedness is the second phase of disaster management where the goal is to strengthen readiness to handle emergencies through programs by government. This … Read more During the hurricane Katrina disaster, hundreds and thousands of animals were either killed or abandoned in New Orleans. According to the Word Disaster Report of 2012, The Philippines ranks third of the most disaster-prone countries. The Indian subcontinent is among world’s most disaster prone area. This is a pre-disaster management approach that mainly deals with the scale of a potential disaster and its projected effects. 1.1 Disasters – The Indian Scenario India supports one-sixth of the world’s population on just 2% of its landmass.  It is the continuous process in an effort to avoid or minimize the impact of disasters resulting from hazards. spam or irrelevant messages, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. There are four necessary steps that should be paid attention to at all times, as disasters can be catastrophic if no advance planning has been implemented. Disaster preparedness is a complex of activities focused on preparation to potentially hazardous factors or conditions in order to protect people and property from damaging and ensure effective reaction to the potential risks.  disasters . Currently there are no evacuation plans... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, Symptoms and signs: Circulatory and respiratory systems Essay. In mid-2014, we decided to focus on resilience and changed our name to reflect this new thrust, while still keeping engaged in disaster … (2016, Apr 21). How to apply disaster management program into Cambodia? And if the perceived threats due to other disasters such as chemical and terrorist attacks are added, every square inch of India is vulnerable, calling for... ...What is a Disaster? The American Nursing Association is helping to ensure that disaster preparedness and response is robust in this country to be personally and professionally prepared for a disaster. A wise person plans for the worse, and hopes for the best. In India, while 40 million hectares of landmass is prone to floods, 68 per cent of the total areas is vulnerable to periodical droughts. So disaster preparedness is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a forecasted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property, it can provide rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and other services in the aftermath of the disaster. Not all catastrophes can be prevented, but many types can be avoided, and the effects of others can be mitigated. Of these, earthquakes, floods, cyclones and landslides rank among the most fear disasters in India, and the fear is naturally heightened in the areas affected by multiple hazards. Firstly, prevention is first step to deal with disaster occur because Pre-disaster activities are taken to reduce human and property losses caused by a potential hazard. Public health officials can play a huge part in disaster planning and emergency preparedness. The term disaster management includes all aspects of preventive and protective measures, preparedness and relief operations for mitigating the impact of the disaster. Introduction to Disaster Risk Reduction: Disaster Risk reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention. It overlooks significant aspects such as classification of disasters, declaration of disaster-prone zones, streamlining of responsibilities and involvement of local communities. Miami invests heavily in disaster emergency management and the creation of community routines which increase their preparedness and help the citizens tackle the danger of disasters. Just like people can be persecuted for crimes and looting during these disasters people should also be persecuted for any cases of animal cruelty that surface during these times of emergency. It is exposed to natural catastrophes because of its vast territory, large population and unique geo-climatic conditions. Just from $13/Page. Discuss mitigation strategies in the context of a comprehensive mitigation plan. We are the most reliable web custom writing service providers, guaranteeing original top notch mark papers. Because it is situated on a geologically unstable region and is surrounded by many subduction zones that may cause earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, typhoon and tsunamis, it is impossible to stop natural disasters from hitting our country; all we can do is to manage risks. To help strengthen the disaster preparedness of the society, the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Plan also aims to equip the communities with necessary skills and capability to cope with the impacts of the disaster. Disasters can be categorized into four different types – natural disasters (including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and floods) environmental disasters (manmade incidents which result from the environment in which they occur, such as an explosion on an oil rig) complex emergencies (situations which arise due to political unrest, such as uprisings and civil wars) and pandemic emergencies (pertaining to a sudden bout of a dangerous disease, such as Malaria or Cholera).  Types of Disasters  Rible Thomas Kizhakkidam The first step of the disaster cycle is usually considered to be preparedness although one could start at any point in the cycle and return to that point before, during, or after a disaster. Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/disaster-preparedness-essay. Preparedness, response and recovery are the three main core values governing a disaster management policy Some of the deadliest disasters are earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, storms, pandemics and hurricanes Man-made disasters include wars, chemical explosions, gas leakages, forest fires and oil spills This definition illustrates that any event that overwhelms a community’s capacity to respond becomes a disaster and not all adverse events are disasters, only... ... Lastly, the disaster preparedness program of the DRRMP also identified the increase of capacity of institutions as one of its priorities. The support of government and non-government sectors are necessary to equip the community with essential skills to cope with the effects of a disaster so that people will have emotional stability, too. Prior to a disaster’s occurrence, emergency manager will plan for various disasters which could strike within the area of responsibility. Welcome to Essay-Paper.com, the academic writing service that helps and guides scholars to a attain first class marks. Essay on Disaster Preparedness is for Everyone. Preparing for disasters means setting up and developing activities that will prevent deaths and minimize damages (Pearce, 2003). Objectives Evaluate how coordination between all preparedness programs is essential, whether creating a local emergency operations plan or a family disaster plan. Nowadays, Cambodia does not have a law on disaster management yet, which is an essentially to cope with natural disaster. We can custom-write anything as well! Reports indicate that individuals and communities struggled to cope in the aftermath of these and many other emergencies and endured a high risk of exposure to the consequences of these disasters which affected their likelihood of survival. During disasters such as an earthquake, storm, floods or a terrorist attack, response coordination is usually overwhelmed. This disaster cycle is used throughout the emergency management community, from the local to the national and international levels. Additional materials, such as the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your writing easier are also offered here. Drought, regarded as disaster in slow motion, affect as much as 68% of India’s land area. Professional nurses are required to possess skills that can be vital during different stages of disaster … Disaster Preparedness. International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies( 2002, p.78) defines “disaster” as a “sudden calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. We are the most reliable web custom writing service providers, guaranteeing original top notch mark papers. When the people’s level of awareness is increased, they will be more prepared; they will know how to reduce the risks and how to react during calamities.  PREPARE: It includes planning , training etc., to mitigate the effects of natural & manmade disaster. For example, building the dam or levee to control flood water, so it less effect to people, building or livestock and so on. The goal of disaster preparedness is to lessen the impact of disasters on vulnerable populations, to ready an organization for an influx of activity, and to design a … In conclusion, the disaster preparedness priority area of the NDRRMP offers strategic actions that help people to improve their awareness and understanding through information dissemination, contingency planning, and conduct of drills and development of natural disaster management plans. Disaster Management  To prevent future disasters or massacres from occurring, the United States Government should establish an evacuation plan that includes pets and animals. PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT  There is no particular definition for a Disaster. Of the 35 states and union territories, as many as 27 are disaster prone. from developing in to disasters. Read the list of supplies FEMA recommends each family to have available in the event of a disaster. The emergency manager learns about past disasters and current potential hazards and then begins to collaborate with other officials to write a disaster plan for the jurisdiction... ...21st century was punctuated by a series of natural disasters, most notably the Indian tsunami, the earth quakes in Gujarat, India and Kashmir, Pakistan, the September 11 2004 terrorist attacks on the United States and Hurricane Katarina, Cyclone Nargis in Burma, and the Sichuan earth earthquake in China (Coppola & Maloney 2009). A High Powered Committee (HPC) of the Government of India, in its report submitted to the Government of India in October 2001, outlined the huge scope for Disaster Management by listing some three dozen different types of disasters India must prepare for [see Annexure I]. The preparedness is mostly directed towards lifesaving activities. Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas. Emergency Preparedness is known to be the discipline of dealing with and avoiding both natural and man-made disasters. DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT – AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS: A TERM PAPER Submitted by: Zoren Pepito Lao Gubalane Graduate Student Submitted to: Dr. Rodolfo T. Delara Subject Professor DBA737- RISK MANAGEMENT& INSURANCE Course Title Summer 2015 1|Page ABSTRACT This Term Paper aims to generate necessary data and information to assess the Disaster Risk … For instance, a typical city located along a river would need to plan for not only flooding but also hazardous material accidents, large fires, extreme weather (perhaps tornadoes, hurricanes, and/or snowstorms), geologic hazards (perhaps earthquakes, tsunamis, and/or volcanoes), and other applicable hazards. Improved health emergency may occur by one of the possible method that is Primary Health Care (PHC) strategy (Health Emergency Management or HEM). Get Your Custom Essay on Disaster Preparedness Essay Just from […] Filipinos need to be trained for them to know what proper measures are to be undertaken before, during and after a calamity.  Introduction Don't use plagiarized sources. Disaster Management Cycle In the present, the local government collaborates with NGOs for better implementation of disaster management and preparedness programs, these organizations engage more in advocacy and legal support for populations facing increased risk because of development projects and environmental destruction. Welcome to Essay-Paper.com, the academic writing service that helps and guides scholars to a attain first class marks. Each step in the disaster cycle correlates to part of the ongoing cycle that is emergency management. Disaster Management. Just from $13/Page. Disaster relief is a multi-agency coordinated response targeted at reducing disaster impact and its … For the sake of understanding, we will start with preparedness. "In Britain, the Protection of Animals Act of 1911 makes it a criminal offense to "cruelly beat, kick, ill-treat, over-ride, over-drive, over-load, torture, infuriate, or terrify any animal" or to impose "unnecessary suffering" on animals" (Francione 7). PAGASA’s greater campaign against natural disasters which aims to “do away with the technical side of natural hazards and instead provide the public with clearer, more simplified explanations so they will have a stronger grasp of these calamities and be better prepared” was launched on July 23, 2013 partly in an animated audio-visual presentation. Disasters often follow natural hazards. The government of India supplements the efforts by extending logistics and financial support such as state calamity relief funds for immediate relief restoration of essential infrastructure and public assets in the social sector. Even our country affect a little from natural disaster. 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